Angelica arguta White Angelica Robust plant, 25-200 cm tall, often ill-smelling. Flowers white, in flat-topped clusters, without involucral bracts. Leaves twice pinnately compound with broad leaflets. Moist areas. Edible.
Conium maculatum Poison Hemlock Stems tall, branched, purple-spotted. Flowers white, tiny, in numerous, flat-topped umbels. Leaves divided 3-4 times into fine segments. Moist, disturbed sites. Very poisonous.
Cymopterus nivalis Snowline Spring-parsley Hairless plant, 5-15 cm tall. Flowers grayish-white, tiny, in small umbels about 1 cm wide. Leaves basal, bluish, once divided into slender, small lobes. Open, often rocky places.
Heracleum maximum Cow-parsnip Coarse, hairy, 100-250 cm tall, strong-smelling. Flowers white, with deeply lobed petals. Umbels 10-30 cm wide. Leaves 10-30 cm wide, with 3 large, lobed leaflets. Moist areas. Edible plant.
Perideridia gairdneri Gairdner's Yampah Slender, 40-120 cm tall. Flowers white, in 1-several long-stalked umbels, 2.5-7 cm wide. Leaves divided into few long segments. Woodlands and dry or wet meadows. Edible and medicinal.
APOCYNACEAE DOGBANE FAMILY:
Apocynum androsaemifolium Dogbane Plant with milky sap, 20-70 cm tall. Flowers pink or white with pink veins, 4-12 mm long, in open clusters. Leaves opposite, spreading to hanging, egg-shaped to oblong, sharp-pointed. Dry areas, plains-subalpine.
ASTERACEAE COMPOSITE FAMILY:
Achillea millefolium Yarrow Aromatic perennial, 10-80 cm tall. Common on plains, slopes, disturbed ground.
Flowerheads white, with 3-5 rays 3-6 mm long, numerous in flat-topped clusters.
Leaves alternate, fern-like, 2-3 times pinnately divided into fine segments.
Anaphalis margaritacea Pearly Everlasting Leafy perennial, 20-60 cm tall. Forest openings, foothills-subalpine.
Flowerheads white, 7-10 mm wide, with papery bracts, in dense clusters.
Leaves alternate, lance-shaped to linear, entire, the edges often rolled under.
Antennaria rosea Rosy Pussytoes Mat-forming, slender plant, 5-40 cm tall. Dry, open areas, plains to montane.
Flowerheads pink or white, 4-7 mm long, 5-10 growing in flat-topped clusters.
Leaves gray-hairy, alternate, few on stem. Basal leaves spoon-shaped.
Aster ericoides Heath Aster Perennial 30-100 cm tall, often clustered. Open, wet or dry places in the valleys.
Flowerheads densely clustered on branches, with 15-25 white rays 3-8 mm long.
Leaves numerous, firm, linear, spine-tipped, 4-7 cm long and 4-5 mm wide.
Leucanthemum vulgare Oxeye Daisy Perennial 20-80 cm tall, stems single, often in colonies. Fields and roadsides.
Flowerheads white, about 5 cm wide, solitary, with 15-30 rays 1-2 cm long.
Leaves alternate, spoon-shaped, mostly hairless, narrowly lobed toothed.
BORAGINACEAE BORAGE FAMILY:
Buglossoides arvensis Corn Gromwell Stems 10-70 cm tall, short-stiff-hairy. Flowers white, 5-8 mm long, 2-4 mm wide, without "eye", from upper leaf axils. Leaves alternate, numerous, narrow, 1.5-6 cm long. Fields, roadsides, disturbed sites.
Lappula occidentalis Western Stickseed Stems simple or branched, 5-40 cm tall, short-stiff-hairy. Flowers white, 2-4 mm long and 1.5-2.5 mm wide, with yellow eye. Leaves numerous, up to about 6 cm long and 1 cm wide, stiff-hairy. Mostly dry areas.
BRASSICACEAE MUSTARD FAMILY:
Arabis holboellii Holboell's Rockcress 10-100 cm tall, with star-shaped hairs at least below. Flowers white-purple, bent down. Sepals hairy, 2.5-5 mm long. Leaves 1-5 cm long, 2-7 mm broad, w. short, star-shaped hairs. Slopes.
Cardamine breweri Brewer's Bittercress Perennial, 20-60 cm tall, mostly hairless. Flowers white, c. 1 cm wide, sepals about 2 mm long, hairless. Leaves broad-ovate, the upper with small, unequal side lobes. Wet places.
Thlaspi arvense Field Pennycress Erect, 10-50 cm tall, hairless, branched. Flowers white, 4-5 mm wide, clustered. Sepals c. 2 mm long. Leaves alternate, 2-6 cm long, toothed. Pods flat, rounded. Disturbed ground.
CAPRIFOLIACEAE HONEYSUCKLE FAMILY:
Linnaea borealis Twinflower Evergreen plant, 3-10 cm tall. Shaded and mossy sites, foothills-subalpine.
Flowers pink to nearly white, 6-15 mm long, nodding, in pairs on slender stalks.
Leaves opposite, evergreen, broadly egg-shaped, 1-2 cm long.
Lonicera utahensis Utah Honeysuckle Shrub 1-2 m tall. Moist, wooded or open slopes in the mountains.
Flowers nodding, light yellow, funnel-shaped, 1-2 cm long, in pairs. Berries red.
Leaves opposite, broadly elliptic to oval, 2-8 cm long, broadly rounded.
Sambucus cerulea Blue Elderberry Shrub 2-4 m tall, strong-smelling. Streams, rocky slopes, foothills-montane.
Flowers white, 3-6 mm wide, numerous in dense, flat-topped clusters, smelly.
Leaves opposite, pinnately divided into 7-9 leaflets, lance-shaped, sharp-toothed.
Symphoricarpos occidentalis Western Snowberry Shrub 50-100 cm tall. Well-drained, open or wooded sites, plains to montane.
Flowers whitish, broadly funnel-shaped, 7-10 mm wide, lobes longer than corolla.
Leaves opposite, broadly elliptic to oval, 3-8 cm long, slightly wavy-edged.
CARYOPHYLLACEAE PINK FAMILY:
Arenaria serpyllifolia Thyme-leaved Sandwort Low-growing, branching, delicate herb, growing on dry or sandy ground.
Flowers small, white. Sepals are pointed, 3-4 mm long, longer than petals.
Leaves short, lance- to egg-shaped, stalkless, without hairs on edges.
Cerastium fontanum Common Chickweed Loosely tufted herb with long hairs. New, leafy shoots growing from bases.
Flowers small, white, with petals only slightly longer than the sepals.
Leaves egg-shaped, hairy, with blunt tips.
Minuartia nuttallii Nuttall's Sandwort Matted plant, 3-10 cm tall, glandular-hairy. Open sagebrush hills-alpine slopes.
Flowers white, 10-15 mm wide, on spreading stalks. Petals broad-lanceolate.
Leaves 5-10 mm long, linear- to awl- or narrowly needle-shaped, 3-nerved.
Silene latifolia White Campion Hairy plant, 30-110 cm tall with male or female flowers on separate plants.
Flowers are white, large, with deeply divided, curled petals.
Leaves opposite, lance-shaped, hairy, up to 10 cm long and 2 cm broad.
Stellaria longipes Long-stalked Starwort Small, hairless herb, slender, growing in small tufts at higher elevations.
Flowers white, about 1 cm wide, petals longer than sepals, on long stalks.
Leaves are bluish-gray, stiff, stalkless, lance-shaped to linear, pointed.
Stellaria media Common Starwort Trailing, matted plant, common garden weed, widespread on disturbed sites.
Flowers small, white, several clustered on stem tops, sepals hairy.
Leaves juicy green, broadly egg-shaped, short-stalked.
CONVOLVULACEAE BINDWEED FAMILY:
Convolvulus arvensis Field Bindweed Trailing or climbing herb, 0.2-2 m long. Introduced, weed on disturbed ground.
Flowers white to pink, broadly funnel-shaped, about 2 cm wide.
Leaves alternate, arrowhead-shaped, with basal lobes, long-stalked.
ERICACEAE HEATH FAMILY:
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Bearberry Evergreen, trailing shrub, 5-15 cm tall. Well-drained, mostly wooded areas.
Flowers pink, about 5 mm long, in clusters, the corolla urn-shaped, 5-lobed.
Leaves alternate, spoon-shaped, 1.5-3 cm long, dark green and glossy above.
Cassiope mertensiana White Mountain-heather Dwarf, evergreen shrub, 5-30 cm tall. Moist sites, montane to alpine.
Flowers white, bell-shaped, 5-8 mm long, nodding, on 5-30 mm long stalks.
Leaves scale-like, thick, 2-5 mm long, in 4 vertical rows obscuring stem.
Ledum glandulosum Trapper's Tea Evergreen, leafy shrub, 40-80 cm tall. Moist to wet sites, montane to subalpine.
Flowers white, 10-15 mm wide, many in dense, rounded clusters. Stamens long.
Leaves 1.5-4 cm long, elliptic-oblong, mealy below, with edges rolled under.
Moneses uniflora One-flowered Wintergreen Evergreen herb, 3-15 cm tall. Moist woods, montane to subalpine zone.
Flowers white, single and terminal, nodding, fragrant, 1.5-2.5 cm broad.
Leaves basal, the blades almost round, 1-2.5 cm long, tapering to the stalks.
FABACEAE PEA FAMILY:
Astragalus drummondii Drummond's Milkvetch Stems 40-70 cm tall, grayish-long-stiff-hairy. Dry hillsides, plains and foothills.
Flowers pale whitish, 18-25 mm long, drooping. Calyx finely black-hairy.
Leaves with 13-31 leaflets, long-spreading-hairy on the lower surface.
Astragalus gilviflorus Plains Milkvetch Plant tufted, stems 1-3 cm long. Dry, gravelly sites on the plains.
Flowers 20-30 mm long, ochroleucous. Keel purple-tipped, very short.
Leaves basal, 2-6 cm long, long-stalked, with 3 elliptic leaflets 1-3 cm long.
Glycyrrhiza lepidota Wild Licorice Aromatic, glandular, sticky plant, 30-120 cm tall. Disturbed and low ground.
Flowers yellowish-white, 10-15 mm long, in several dense, stalked clusters.
Leaves odd-pinnate, with 11-19 pointed leaflets, glandular-dotted.
Hedysarum sulphurescens Yellow Sweet-vetch Plant has leafy stems, 30-60 cm tall. Open forested areas.
Flowers yellowish to whitish, 14-18 mm long, hanging, in often 1-sided clusters.
Leaves with 9-21 broad leaflets, pointed at tips, prominently veined.
Medicago sativa Alfalfa Plant 30-100 cm tall. Introduced, mostly on disturbed ground, used for forage.
Flowers blue to whitish-yellow, 7-11 mm long, in rounded, stalked clusters.
Leaves are divided into 3 leaflets which are sharply toothed on upper halves.
Melilotus albus White Sweet-clover Annual or biennial, 50-300 cm tall, freely branched. Mostly disturbed ground.
Flowers 4-6 mm long, white, sweet-smelling, in slender, spike-like clusters.
Leaves with 3 leaflets, elliptic to oblong, sharply toothed, the middle one stalked.
Oxytropis sericea Silky Locoweed Flower stems 10-30 cm tall, flat-silvery-hairy. Prairieland to drier meadows.
Flowers white to yellowish, 15-27 mm long. Keel often purplish-tipped.
Leaves basal, 5-30 cm long, the 11-17 leaflets with dense, flat, silky hairs.
Trifolium repens White Clover Mat-forming, stems short, rooting at nodes. Disturbed ground, meadows, lawns.
Flowers 5-9 mm long, in round heads 15-20 mm broad. Calyx hairless.
Leaves with short to long stalks, the 3 leaflets 1-2 cm long, finely toothed.
GENTIANACEAE GENTIAN FAMILY:
Gentiana algida Arctic Gentian Tufted perennial, 5-20 cm tall. Moist but well-drained sites in the alpine zone.
Flowers white with purple edges, tubular, with 5 lobes, about 4-5 cm long.
Basal leaves lance-shaped, 4-12 cm long. Stem leaves opposite, 3-5 cm long.
GROSSULARIACEAE CURRANT FAMILY:
Ribes hudsonianum Northern Black Currant Shrub 0.5-1 m tall, without spines. Stream banks, moist woods, thickets.
Flowers white, about 1 cm broad, many in long, narrow clusters.
Leaves with 3-5 pointed, toothed lobes, hairy. Berries black, 7-12 mm long.
LAMIACEAE MINT FAMILY:
Marrubium vulgare Horehound Plant 30-100 cm tall. Casual weed along roadsides and disturbed habitats.
Flowers whitish, about 6 mm long, in dense, round clusters from upper leaf axils.
Leaves opposite, thick, rounded, toothed and coarsely wrinkled, 20-55 mm long.
Mentha arvensis Wild Mint Aromatic, glandular-dotted plant, 20-80 cm tall. Moist to wet sites.
Flowers pinkish, 4-7 mm long, 4-lobed, in dense clusters from upper leaf axils.
Leaves opposite, 2-8 cm long, lance-shaped, sharp-toothed, mostly stalkless.
Nepeta cataria Catnip Stems branched, 30-100 cm tall, short-gray-hairy. Meadows, roadsides.
Flowers white with small purple dots, 10-15 mm long, in dense, tall clusters.
Leaves opposite, coarsely toothed, stalked, heart-shaped, 2.5-7 cm long.
LILIACEAE LILY FAMILY:
Allium cernuum Nodding Onion Stem slender, 10-50 cm tall, onion-smelling. Meadows, plains to montane.
Flowers white to pink, bell-shaped, 6-7 mm wide, in nodding top clusters.
Leaves basal, grass-like, 3-7 mm wide, flat or keeled. Edible plant.
Calochortus gunnisonii Gunnison's Mariposa-lily Stem 10-30 cm tall, simple. Grasslands and open coniferous forests.
Flowers white, 1 to few, 4-7 cm wide, with 3 broad petals, greenish within.
Leaves: few, small, grass-like, alternate. Medicinal plant, all parts edible.
Leucocrinum montanum Star Lily Stemless, about 5-10 cm tall. Sandy to rocky areas, plains to montane.
Flowers white, fragrant, about 3 cm broad, long-stalked, from base of the plant.
Leaves: basal, tufted, grass-like, up to 20 cm long. Roots reportedly edible.
Lloydia serotina Alp Lily Stem 5-15 cm tall, almost naked. Cliffs and rock crevices in the alpine zone.
Flowers mostly solitary, white, about 2 cm broad, with colored veins.
Leaves basal and alternate, small, short, grass-like.
Maianthemum stellatum Starry False Solomon's Seal Stem 20-60 cm tall, leafy, arched. Moist woods to dry, exposed hills.
Flowers white, 10-15 mm wide, with 6 spreading tepals, in a loose top cluster.
Leaves: alternate, broad, pointed, stalkless, in 2 rows.
Xerophyllum tenax Beargrass Robust plant, 50-150 cm tall, in colonies. Open woods, montane to subalpine.
Flowers white, fragrant, long-stalked, numerous in a dense top cluster..
Leaves: mainly basal, in large clumps, grass-like, sharp-edged.
Zigadenus elegans Mountain Death-camas Stem 15-70 cm tall, waxy-coated. Moist forests, meadows, montane-alpine.
Flowers white, about 2 cm wide, with inner green, heart-shaped markings.
Leaves mainly basal, grass-like, keeled. All parts highly poisonous.
Zigadenus venenosus Meadow Death-camas Stem 20-50 cm tall. Moist forests, meadows, montane-alpine.
Flowers greenish-white, about 1.5 cm wide, with inner green, oval markings.
Leaves mainly basal, grass-like, keeled. All parts highly poisonous.
LOASACEAE EVENINGSTAR FAMILY:
Mentzelia decapetala Ten-petal Eveningstar Perennial, 30-100 cm tall, rough with barbed, spine-like hairs. Dry, open slopes.
Flowers yellow-white, 8-12 cm across, with 10 petals, open in the evening.
Leaves alternate, fleshy, lanceolate, 4-15 cm long, pinnatifid with wavy lobes.
MALVACEAE MALLOW FAMILY:
Malva neglecta common Mallow Spreading annual, 20-60 cm tall, short-hairy. Fields, gardens, disturbed areas.
Flowers white-pink, about 2 cm wide, 1-3 from leaf axils, with 5 notched petals.
Leaves alternate, long-stalked, round to heart-shaped, round-toothed.
ONAGRACEAE EVENING PRIMROSE FAMILY:
Epilobium ciliatum Purple-leaved Willowherb Perennial, 30-100 cm tall, branched and hairy above. Moist sites.
Flowers rose-purple to white, 5-15 mm wide, erect, with 4 notched petals.
Leaves basal and opposite, lance-shaped, 3-7 cm long, shallowly toothed.
Oenothera cespitosa Tufted Evening Primrose Tufted, almost stemless perennial rarely up to 25 cm tall. Dry, bare hills.
Flowers white to pink, 5-9 cm wide, single from the base, open in the evening.
Leaves basal, oblanceolate, entire or toothed, 10-25 cm long, 1-2.5 cm broad.
ORCHIDACEAE ORCHID FAMILY:
Coeloglossum viride Bracted Orchid Sturdy, leafy-stemmed perennial, 20-50 cm tall, hairless. Woods and slopes.
Flowers greenish with 3-lobed lower lip, many in a dense, elongated spike.
Leaves alternate, sheathing, oblong-lanceolate, 5-10 cm long.
Platanthera dilatata White Bog Orchid Flowers are very fragrant, mostly white, with an upper hood, 2 wings and a lower
lip which is expanded at its base, and a slender, curved spur.
Flowers are growing in long, spike-like clusters.
Spiranthes romanzoffiana Hooded Ladies' Tresses Stems hairless, 10-40 cm tall. Moist to swampy areas, foothills to montane.
Flowers whitish, sweet-scented, many in spiralling rows in a dense spike.
Leaves alternate, near the base of the stem, narrowly oblong, 8-20 cm long.
POLEMONIACEAE PHLOX FAMILY:
Collomia debilis Alpine Mountain-trumpet Perennial, 10-20 cm tall, with many creeping stems. Rocky mountain slopes.
Flowers pinkish to white, 2-3 cm long, trumpet-shaped with long tube.
Leaves crowded toward the top of the stem, up to 3 cm long and 13 mm wide.
Ipomopsis spicata Spiked Gilia Perennial, 5-30 cm tall, thinly cobwebby-woolly-hairy. Dry, open places.
Flowers white, about 1 cm long, numerous in a dense, rounded top cluster.
Leaves 3-parted or pinnatifid, 1-6 cm long, with very narrow segments.
Phlox albomarginata White-edged Phlox Cushioned perennial, up to 5 cm tall, glandular. Rocky places, high mountains.
Flowers white, 15-20 mm wide, solitary on stem tips. Style 5-8 mm long.
Leaves broadly lanceolate, 2-7 mm long and 1-2.5 mm wide, thick-edged.
Phlox longifolia Long-leaved Phlox Perennial, 10-40 cm tall, often woody at the base. Dry, open rocky places.
Flowers white, 2-3 cm wide, in clusters. The style is 6-15 mm long.
Leaves linear, mostly 1.5-8 cm long and 1-3 mm wide.
Phlox multiflora Rocky Mountain Phlox Mat-forming perennial, loosely almost erect, up to 10 cm tall. Mountains.
Flowers white, about 2 cm wide, few on stem tips. The style is 5.5-8 mm long.
Leaves slightly rough-surfaced, linear, 12-30 mm long and 1-2 mm wide.
PORTULACACEAE PURSLANE FAMILY:
Claytonia lanceolata Western Springbeauty Delicate, fleshy herb, 5-20 cm tall. Moist, open sites, foothills to alpine.
Flowers white to pinkish, 10-15 mm wide, with 5 petals and 2 sepals.
Leaves basal and opposite, 1 pair on stem, egg- to lance-shaped, stalkless.
PRIMULACEAE PRIMROSE FAMILY:
Androsace septentrionalis Northern Rock Jasmine Stems many, leafless, 3-25 cm tall. Dry, open sites, plains to alpine zone.
Flowers white, 3-4 mm wide, many on stalks 1-5 cm long in umbel-clusters.
Leaves basal, 1-3 cm long, oblanceolate, gradually narrowed to the base.
RANUNCULACEAE BUTTERCUP FAMILY:
Actaea rubra Baneberry Branched plant, leafy, growing several red, glossy berries in the fall.
Flowers small, white, with slender petals, in dense, rounded clusters.
Leaves alternate, few, 2-3 times divided in 3's. Segments toothed and lobed.
Anemone parviflora Northern Anemone Alpine plant, 5-20 cm tall, sparsely hairy. Moist, open or shaded sites.
Flowers solitary, 2-3 cm wide. Sepals 5, white, rounded.
Leaves 2-3 cm wide, glossy, divided into 3 wedge-shaped, lobed leaflets.
Caltha leptosepala Mountain Marsh Marigold Low, alpine plant with fleshy, leafless stems, 5-10 cm tall. Wet, open sites.
Flowers white, solitary, 2-4 cm wide with 5-15 petal-looking sepals.
Leaves basal, oblong to heart-shaped, thick, waxy, long-stalked, wavy edges.
Clematis ligusticifolia Western White Clematis Woody vine, stems 3-6 m high, often in dense, tangled mats. Dry areas.
Flowers white-cream-colored, 2 cm wide, with 4 sepals and many flat stamens.
Leaves opposite, pinnately divided into 5-7 stalked, lance-shaped leaflets.
Trollius laxus Globe Flower Hairless herb, 10-40 cm tall. Moist to wet, open sites, montane-alpine.
Flowers white-creamy, 2-4 cm wide, solitary, with 5-9 petal-looking sepals.
Leaves palmately divided into 5 toothed segments, membranous lobes at base.
ROSACEAE ROSE FAMILY:
Amelanchier alnifolia Saskatoon Serviceberry Shrub 1-5 m. tall with round, purple-black fruits, 10-14 mm long. Open woods.
Flowers white, 2-3 cm wide, with 5 oblong petals and usually 5 styles.
Leaves alternate, oval to nearly round, 2-4 cm long, sharply small-toothed.
Fragaria virginiana Wild Strawberry Low plant with creeping stems. Wooded, gravelly areas, plains-montane.
Flowers white, regular. Petals 5, white, round, 6-13 mm long.
Leaves divided into 3 toothed leaflets, middle end tooth smaller.
Physocarpus malvaceus Mallow Ninebark Shrub 50-100 cm tall. Fruits are follicles, in pairs, reddish, about 5 mm long.
Flowers in dense, round clusters, white, about 10 mm wide, with 5 round petals.
Leaves alternate, 2-6 cm long, ovate to heart-shaped, with 3-5 toothed lobes.
Potentilla recta Sulphur Cinquefoil Plant 30-80 cm tall, very leafy, branched on upper parts. Weed.
Flowers pale yellow. Petals heart-shaped, 9-12 mm long.
Leaves several on stems, divided into 5-7 leaflets, saw-toothed.
Prunus virginiana Choke Cherry Shrub or small tree 1-4 m tall. Fruits are cherries, red to purple or black.
Flowers white, 10-12 mm wide, in dense, elongated clusters. Petals 5, round.
Leaves alternate, elliptic, finely sharp-toothed, 4-10 cm long, pointed at tips.
Rubus idaeus Wild Red Raspberry Stems prickly, widely branching, 100-150 cm tall. Rocky areas, montane zone.
Flowers small, white. Petals 5, oblong, 4-6 mm long. Sepals longer than petals.
Leaves divided into 3-5 leaflets, double-toothed, white-hairy beneath.
Rubus parviflorus Thimbleberry Shrub 50-200 cm tall. Open to wooded, moist to dry areas up to subalpine zone.
Flowers white, few in open clusters. Petals 5, broadly oval, 15-20 mm long.
Leaves large, 10-20 cm wide, with heart-shaped bases, palmately lobed.
Spiraea betulifolia White Spiraea Spreading shrub, about 25-60 cm tall. Moist to dry mountain slopes.
Flowers white, many in clusters 3-8 cm broad. The 5 petals 2 mm long.
Leaves alternate, oval, about 2-7 cm long, coarsely sharp-toothed.
RUBIACEAE MADDER FAMILY:
Galium boreale Northern Bedstraw Stems slender, 20-60 cm tall, leafy. In many drier habitats, foothills-subalpine.
Flowers white, 4-7 mm wide, with 4 petals, many in repeatedly 3-forked clusters.
Leaves in whorls of 4, linear to lance-shaped, 2-6 cm long, 3-nerved, stalkless.
SANTALACEAE SANDALWOOD FAMILY:
Comandra umbellata Pale Comandra Parasitic herb, 5-30 cm tall, leafy, branched, usually clustered. Plains-foothills.
Flowers white, 6-8 mm wide, with 5 pointed sepals, in dense clusters.
Leaves alternate, almost stalkless, elliptic, 5-40 mm long and 1-10 mm broad.
SAXIFRAGACEAE SAXIFRAGE FAMILY:
Heuchera cylindrica Round-leaved Alumroot Glandular herb, 15-50 cm tall. Shaded, rocky sites, higher elevations.
Flowers creamy-white, bell-shaped. Calyx 6-8 mm long, longer than petals.
Leaves basal, heart- to egg-shaped, 5-7-lobed, 2-5 cm long, long-stalked.
Lithophragma parviflorum Small-flowered Woodland Star Glandular-hairy, 10-30 cm tall. Dry, rocky sites, foothills to montane.
Flowers 12-15 mm wide, 3-11 in top clusters. Calyx tapered, 4-6 mm long.
Basal leaves 1-3 cm long, hairy, 5-lobed, long-stalked. Stem leaves smaller.
Parnassia fimbriata Fringed Grass-of-Parnassus Has 1 clasping leaf near mid-stem, 10-30 cm tall. Wet sites in mountains.
Flowers white, about 20 mm wide. Petals 5-7-veined, with hair-like fringes.
Leaves basal, broadly heart- to kidney-shaped, glossy, stalked.
Saxifraga bronchialis Spotted Saxifrage Alpine, mat-forming, 5-15 cm tall. Dry, open rocky sites.
Flowers white, 10-15 mm wide, in open clusters. Petals spotted purple/yellow.
Leaves basal and alternate, rigid, 5-15 mm long, lance-shaped, spine-tipped.
Saxifraga odontoloma Brook Saxifrage Stem reddish-glandular, 20-60 cm tall. Wet meadows, springs, high elevations.
Flowers white, on wide branches. Petals round, with 2 yellow dots. Stamens flat.
Leaves basal, up to 6 cm wide, smooth, kidney-shaped, with 15-30 teeth.
Saxifraga rhomboidea Diamond-leaved Saxifrage Glandular stem, 10-20 cm tall. Moist, open slopes, foothills to alpine.
Flowers white, short-stalked, many in dense, ball-like heads.
Leaves basal, thick, diamond-shaped, short-stalked, with round-toothed edges.
SCROPHULARIACEAE FIGWORT FAMILY:
Collinsia parviflora Blue-eyed Mary Stems slender, weak, 5-30 cm tall. Sparsely vegetated areas, foothills-montane.
Flowers pale-blue to white and blue, 4-10 mm long. Lobes in 2 pairs.
Leaves opposite, 1-4 cm long, narrowly egg-shaped to linear, short-hairy.
Pedicularis bracteosa Bracted Lousewort Plant 20-60 cm tall. Moist, open or wooded sites, montane to alpine.
Flowers pale yellow, tinged with purple. Numerous in tall spikes. Beakless.
Leaves alternate, fern-like, 6-30 cm long.
Pedicularis contorta Coiled Lousewort Stems 15-50 cm tall. Dry, open and wooded sites, montane-alpine.
Flowers white, in loose clusters. Long, curved beak on upper lip. Calyx 5-lobed.
Leaves alternate, fern-like, deeply cut into narrow, toothed leaflets.
Penstemon deustus Hotrock Penstemon Stems 20-60 cm tall, woody base. Grassy and rocky sites, plains-subalpine.
Flowers white or cream, 8-20 mm long, in dense clusters. Upper 2 lobes small.
Leaves oblanceolate, up to 6 cm long and 2.5 cm wide, toothed.
SOLANACEAE NIGHTSHADE FAMILY:
Solanum physalifolium Hairy Nightshade Branching annual, 15-60 cm tall, spreading-sticky-hairy. Moist, disturbed areas.
Flowers white, star-shaped, 7-12 mm wide, with 5 pointed lobes.
Leaves alternate, hairy, ovate, shallowly blunt-toothed or entire.
Solanum triflorum Cut-leaved Nightshade Low annual, spreading, 10-80 cm long, almost hairless. Disturbed ground.
Flowers white, star-shaped, 8-10 mm wide, with 5 pointed lobes.
Leaves alternate, often short-hairy, deeply pinnately cut into pointed lobes.
VALERIANACEAE VALERIAN FAMILY:
Valeriana acutiloba Subalpine Valerian Perennial, stem 10-60 cm tall, finely short-hairy. Rocky areas in the mountains.
Flowers white, 4-7 mm long, tubular, with 5 spreading lobes, in dense clusters.
Basal leaves spatulate, stem leaves opposite, whole or pinnate with few leaflets.
Valeriana edulis Edible Valerian Hairless perennial, 10-120 cm tall. Not too dry, open areas in the mountains.
Flowers white, 1-3.5 mm long, with 5 spreading lobes, in elongated clusters.
Basal leaves long, narrow. Stem leaves opposite, pinnate with narrow leaflets.
Valeriana sitchensis Sitka Valerian Perennial, 30-70 cm tall. Moist sites, foothills to alpine.
Flowers white, 4-7 mm long, tubular, with 5 spreading lobes, in dense clusters.
Leaves opposite, pinnately divided into 3-5 egg-shaped, blunt-toothed leaflets.
VIOLACEAE VIOLET FAMILY:
Viola canadensis Canada Violet Perennial, 10-40 cm tall, with leafy stems. In moist woodland and forests.
Flowers white to pinkish, with yellow in the middle, 2-3 cm wide.
Leaves basal and alternate, long-stalked, the blades heart-shaped, 4-8 cm long.