Montana Plant Life Identification Results

Possible Species Listing

Flower Color: Pink or purple

Chorispora tenella – Musk Mustard
Branched annual, flowers about 1 cm wide. Leaves basal and alternate, shallowly toothed. Fruit pods curved upward, with long, pointed beak.
Apocynum androsaemifolium – Dogbane
Plant with milky sap, 20-70 cm tall. Flowers pink or white with pink veins, 4-12 mm long, in open clusters. Leaves opposite, spreading to hanging, egg-shaped to oblong, sharp-pointed. Dry areas, plains-subalpine.
Antennaria rosea – Rosy Pussytoes
Mat-forming, slender plant, 5-40 cm tall. Dry, open areas, plains to montane. Flowerheads pink or white, 4-7 mm long, 5-10 growing in flat-topped clusters. Leaves gray-hairy, alternate, few on stem. Basal leaves spoon-shaped.
Arctium minus – Common Burdock
Stout, coarse, branching biennial, up to 150 cm tall. Disturbed areas. Flowerheads purple, round, bur-like, with hooks, 15-25 mm wide, short-stalked. Leaves large, ovate to heart-shaped with thin, woolly hairs underneath.
Aster conspicuus – Showy Aster
Stout, unbranched perennial, 30-100 cm tall. Open woods, foothills to montane. Flowerheads blue-violet, with 12-35 rays, many in clusters. Involucre glandular. Leaves alternate, firm, sharp-toothed, elliptic, 6-15 cm long and 2-6 cm wide.
Centaurea maculosa – Spotted Knapweed
Rough-hairy, branched biennial. Noxious weed in fields and roadsides. Flowerheads pink-purple, 2-2.5 cm wide. Involucral bracts with dark, fringed tips. Leaves alternate, pinnate with thin, narrow lobes, or reduced upper ones entire.
Cirsium arvense – Canada Thistle
Perennial, 30-150 cm tall. Stems leafy, branched, not winged. Disturbed areas. Flowerheads pink to purple, 1-2 cm high, often with weak, short spine tips.. Leaves alternate, lance-shaped, spiny-toothed, deeply pinnately lobed.
Cirsium vulgare – Bull Thistle
Biennial, 30-150 cm tall. Stems branched, spiny-winged. Disturbed areas. Flowerheads pink to purple, 2.5-4 cm high, without glutinous dorsal ridges. Leaves alternate, lance-shaped, hairy and spiny-toothed, deeply pinnately lobed.
Erigeron speciosus – Showy Fleabane
Stems often clustered, leafy, 15-80 cm tall. Open woods, foothills to montane. Flowerheads blue, purple or pink, with 65-150 slender ray florets 9-18 mm long. Leaves alternate, lance-shaped, hairless, entire, slightly clasping the stem.
Liatris punctata – Dotted Blazingstar
Plant 10-40 cm tall, hairless with several stems. Dry, open places, roadsides. Flowerheads purple, with 4-6 large disk florets, in dense, tall and narrow clusters. Leaves alternate, numerous, narrow, dotted with tiny pits, rough-hairy on edges.
Cynoglossum officinale – Hounds-tongue
Coarse, softly long-hairy plant, 30-80 cm tall. Flowers reddish-purple, numerous on many long, 1-sided, spreading branches. Leaves alternate, elliptic to lance-shaped. A weed in disturbed sites.
Symphytum officinale – Comfrey
Robust, stiff-hairy plant, 30-120 cm tall, stems clustered. Flowers purple or dull blue, nodding, about 15 mm long, narrowly bell-shaped. Leaves large, up to 30 cm long, the bases extended down the stem. Disturbed sites.
Symphoricarpos occidentalis – Western Snowberry
Shrub 50-100 cm tall. Well-drained, open or wooded sites, plains to montane. Flowers whitish, broadly funnel-shaped, 7-10 mm wide, lobes longer than corolla. Leaves opposite, broadly elliptic to oval, 3-8 cm long, slightly wavy-edged.
Saponaria officinalis – Soapwort
40-90 cm tall, hairless, very leafy, in colonies. Roadsides, disturbed areas. Flowers white to pink, 2-3 cm wide, fragrant, with 5 broad, petals, often double. Leaves opposite, mostly lanceolate, 4-10 cm long, as many as 20 pairs.
Silene acaulis – Moss Campion
Low, alpine plant, about 3-6 cm tall, often forming compact cushions. Flowers pink to pale purple, with petals slightly notched, solitary on stems. Leaves mainly basal, linear, stiff, 4-10 mm long, 0.8-1.5 mm broad, hairless.
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi – Bearberry
Evergreen, trailing shrub, 5-15 cm tall. Well-drained, mostly wooded areas. Flowers pink, about 5 mm long, in clusters, the corolla urn-shaped, 5-lobed. Leaves alternate, spoon-shaped, 1.5-3 cm long, dark green and glossy above.
Chimaphila umbellata – Prince's Pine
Evergreen shrub, 10-30 cm tall. Dry, coniferous woods, foothills to montane. Flowers light pink, waxy, 10-15 mm wide, nodding, few on raised stems. Leaves in whorls of 3-8, narrowly spoon-shaped, sharply toothed.
Kalmia microphylla – Alpine Laurel
Dwarf, evergreen shrub, 5-20 cm tall. Moist to wet sites, subalpine and alpine. Flowers deep pinkish-rose, 5-12 mm broad, with broad, shallow lobes. Leaves opposite, dark green, glossy above, narrowly elliptic, 1-2 cm long.
Phyllodoce empetriformis – Pink Mountain-heath
Dwarf, evergreen shrub, 10-40 cm tall. Moist, open sites, montane-alpine. Flowers pink, bell-shaped, 5-8 mm long, with short, rolled back lobes. Leaves alternate, needle-like, 5-12 mm long, crowded like a bottle brush.
Pyrola asarifolia – Pink Wintergreen
Evergreen herb, 10-30 cm tall. Moist, usually wooded sites, foothills-subalpine. Flowers pale pink, 8-12 mm wide, with a long, curved, projecting style. Leaves in basal rosettes, leathery, shiny, broadly elliptic to heart-shaped.
Vaccinium scoparium – Grouseberry
Small shrub, 10-35 cm tall, with red, tasty berries. Higher elevations. Flowers pinkish, about 4 mm long, nodding, on stalks 2-2.5 mm long. Leaves alternate, 8-15 mm long, thin, finely sharp-toothed, light-green, hairless.
Astragalus adsurgens – Field Milkvetch
Stems 10-40 cm tall, with short, flat, stiff, T-shaped hairs. Prairie grassland. Flowers erect, purplish, 14-18 mm long. Calyx whitish- or blackish-flat-hairy. Leaves with 9-23 leaflets, with short, flat, stiff, T-shaped hairs. Stipules joined.
Astragalus agrestis – Standing Milkvetch
Stems slender, creeping to erect, 10-30 cm tall. Moist spots in meadows. Flowers erect, ca 17 mm long, purplish. Calyx with blackish, spreading hairs. Leaves with 11-19 leaflets, with sparse, flat, short hairs. Stipules joined.
Astragalus flexuosus – Flexile Milkvetch
Stems 40-70 cm tall, flexile, short-flat-hairy. Plains and hills. Flowers pale purple or white, purplish-tinged, 6-10 mm long, the keel very short. Leaves with 15-21 leaflets, finely flat-hairy below, usually hairless above.
Dalea purpurea – Purple Prairie-clover
Plant erect, 30-60 cm tall. Dry plains and foothills. Flowers purple, in narrow, dense spikes, 2-7 cm tall and about 1.5 cm thick. Leaves odd-pinnate, the 3-7 leaflets linear, 10-20 mm long and 1-2 mm broad.
Onobrychis viciifolia – Sainfoin
Plant 20-40 cm tall. Meadows and disturbed areas, introduced. Flowers 10-13 mm long, pinkish and lined. Wings much shorter than the keel. Leaves on lower part of stem, odd-pinnate, with 11-17 leaflets.
Oxytropis nana – Wyoming Locoweed
Flower stems 8-20 cm tall, silvery-hairy. Prairies and lower foothills. Flowers deep reddish-purple, 18-24 mm long. Calyx stiff-spreading-hairy. Leaves basal, 2-11 cm long, the 7-21 leaflets covered with long, silky hairs.
Trifolium pratense – Red Clover
Widely branched perennial, 20-60 cm tall. Disturbed or cultivated ground. Flowers deep red to pink, 13-20 mm long, in dense, round heads 2-3 cm wide. Leaves with 3 egg-shaped leaflets, the uppermost 2 just below the flower head.
Gentianella amarella – Northern Gentian
Slender annual, 5-40 cm tall. Meadows and moist areas, foothills to alpine. Flowers purple to bluish, 1-2 cm long, with 4-5 pointed lobes and fringed throats. Leaves basal and opposite, lance-shaped, up to 6 cm long and 3 cm broad.
Erodium cicutarium – Stork's Bill Geranium
Annual, 3-30 cm tall, stems usually reddish. Drier plains and hillsides. Flowers pink, 10-15 mm broad, in small umbel-clusters on long stalks. Leaves mostly basal, repeatedly pinnately divided into narrow segments.
Geranium viscosissimum – Sticky Purple Geranium
Stems 40-90 cm tall, with sticky glandular hairs. Drier grasslands and forests. Flowers pink-purple, 30-40 mm wide. Several in open, branching clusters. Leaves mainly basal and deeply palmately cut into 5-7 cut and toothed sections.
Ribes cereum – Wax Currant
Shrub 0.5-1 m tall, without spines. Woods, thickets, rocky areas. Flowers whitish to pink, 10-15 mm long, with long tube, sticky-glandular. Leaves 1.5-2.5 cm broad, 3-5-lobed, short-hairy. Berries red, 6-8 mm long.
Hydrophyllum capitatum – Ballhead Waterleaf
Perennial, 10-40 cm tall. Thickets, woodlands, and moist, open slopes. Flowers white to blue, 5-9 mm long, in dense heads well below the leaves. Leaves mainly basal, up to 10 cm wide, with 7-11 joined to separate leaflets.
Phacelia hastata – Silver-leaved Phacelia
Perennial up to 50 cm tall, silvery-hairy. Dry, open, often sandy places. Flowers lavender, 4-7 mm long, many in wide, coiled clusters. Stamens long. Leaves narrowly elliptic, mostly entire, prominently veined, silvery-hairy.
Lamium amplexicaule – Henbit Dead-nettle
Slender annual, 5-15 cm tall, with creeping base. Weed, fields, disturbed areas. Flowers pink-purple, 12-18 mm long, hooded, 2-lipped, from upper leaf axils. Leaves opposite, rounded, coarsely round-toothed, about 1.5 cm long.
Mentha arvensis – Wild Mint
Aromatic, glandular-dotted plant, 20-80 cm tall. Moist to wet sites. Flowers pinkish, 4-7 mm long, 4-lobed, in dense clusters from upper leaf axils. Leaves opposite, 2-8 cm long, lance-shaped, sharp-toothed, mostly stalkless.
Mentha spicata – Spear Mint
Stems single, erect, 30-100 cm tall. Ditches and streambanks. Flowers whitish, 2-4 mm long, tubular, 4-lobed, clustered in dense, tall spikes. Leaves opposite, broadly lance-shaped, sharp-toothed, pointed, 2-7 cm long.
Monarda fistulosa – Wild Bergamot
Stems single, 30-70 cm tall, with minty odor. Moderately dry, open sites. Flowers pink-purple, tubular, c. 3 cm long, in dense clusters above leafy bracts. Leaves opposite, broadly lanceolate, sharp-toothed, 2.5-8 cm long.
Prunella vulgaris – Self-heal
Soft-hairy low plant, 5-30 cm tall. Moist, open to shaded sites, plains-montane. Flowers purple, tubular, 1-2 cm long, with a hooded upper lip, in short spikes. Leaves opposite, few pairs, lance- to egg-shaped, entire, stalked, 2-9 cm long.
Allium brevistylum – Short-styled Onion
Stem 20-60 cm tall, onion-smelling. Moist meadows, plains to montane zone. Flowers pink, 10-13 mm long, on stalks, several in flat-topped cluster Leaves grass-like, 2 to several basal. Medicinal plant, all parts edible.
Allium schoenoprasum – Wild Chives
Stem 20-60 cm tall, round, onion-smelling. Wet meadows, plains to montane. Flowers rose-pink to purplish, 8-14 mm long, in dense, ball-like heads. Leaves usually 2, hollow, 1-7 mm wide. Medicinal plant, all parts edible.
Iliamna rivularis – Mountain Hollyhock
Stout, leafy plant, 50-200 cm tall. Moist sites, foothills to subalpine. Flowers rose-purple, 3-4 cm wide, with 5 broad petals, in elongated clusters. Leaves alternate, maple-leaf-shaped, with 3-7 triangular lobes, toothed.
Malva neglecta – common Mallow
Spreading annual, 20-60 cm tall, short-hairy. Fields, gardens, disturbed areas. Flowers white-pink, about 2 cm wide, 1-3 from leaf axils, with 5 notched petals. Leaves alternate, long-stalked, round to heart-shaped, round-toothed.
Epilobium angustifolium – Fireweed
Perennial, 1-3 m tall, leafy, often in large colonies. Common on roadsides. Flowers rose-purple to pink, 2-4 cm wide, with 4 broad petals, in tall clusters. Leaves alternate, numerous, narrowly lance-shaped, stalkless and hairless.
Epilobium ciliatum – Purple-leaved Willowherb
Perennial, 30-100 cm tall, branched and hairy above. Moist sites. Flowers rose-purple to white, 5-15 mm wide, erect, with 4 notched petals. Leaves basal and opposite, lance-shaped, 3-7 cm long, shallowly toothed.
Epilobium hornemannii – Hornemannii's Willowherb
Perennial, 15-30 cm tall, stems usually simple. Moist sites, montane-alpine. Flowers rose to violet, 8-12 mm wide, few on stem tops, with 4 notched petals. Leaves opposite, 1.5-5 cm long, oblong, blunt-tipped, short-stalked.
Oenothera cespitosa – Tufted Evening Primrose
Tufted, almost stemless perennial rarely up to 25 cm tall. Dry, bare hills. Flowers white to pink, 5-9 cm wide, single from the base, open in the evening. Leaves basal, oblanceolate, entire or toothed, 10-25 cm long, 1-2.5 cm broad.
Calypso bulbosa – Fairyslipper
Hairless herb, stem purple, 5-20 cm tall, delicate. Deep shade of moist forests. Flower pink-purple, nodding, about 2 cm long, with large, pouched lower lip. Leaf single from the base of the plant.
Corallorhiza striata – Striped Coralroot
Purplish-tinged, 15-40 cm tall. In deep, usually coniferous forests. Flowers pink or purplish, with 3 darker stripes. Lip dark purple with heavy stripes. Leaves reduced to thin, semi-transparent sheaths on the stem.
Lewisia pygmaea – Pygmy Bitterroot
Low herb, 1-3 cm tall. Dry, exposed sites, often gravelly, montane to alpine. Flowers white to pink-purple, 15-20 mm wide, with 5-9 petals and 2 sepals. Leaves basal, 5-15 cm long, succulent, flat and linear to narrowly spoon-shaped.
Lewisia rediviva – Bitterroot
Low herb, 1-3 cm tall. Dry, exposed sites, often gravelly, plains to montane. Flowers pink, 4-6 cm wide, with about 15 petals and 6-9 pinkish sepals. Leaves basal, 1.5-5 cm long, fleshy, linear- to club-shaped and nearly cylindrical.
Dodecatheon conjugens – Desert Shooting Star
Stems 1 to 10 from base, leafless, 10-30 cm tall. Moist to not too dry meadows. Flowers single, purple, 1-3 cm long, with 5 lobes bent back from a yellow collar. Leaves basal, oblong to spoon-shaped, 3-20 cm long, tapered to winged stalks.
Dodecatheon pulchellum – Pretty Shooting Star
Stems single, leafless, 5-40 cm tall. Moist to wet sites, plains to alpine. Flowers few, purple, 15-25 mm long, with 5 lobes bent back from yellow collar. Leaves basal, oblong to spoon-shaped, 3-20 cm long, tapered to winged stalks.
Pulsatilla patens – Pasqueflower
Tufted, silky-hairy plant, 10-40 cm tall. Well-drained, open mountain slopes. Flowers solitary, hairy outside, 5-7 cm broad. Sepals 5-7, blue-purple. Basal leaves long-stalked, finely cut in 3s. Stem leaves smaller, stalkless.
Geum rivale – Purple Avens
Hairy plant, 40-60 cm tall, reddish. Stream banks, bogs, and wet meadows. Flowers bell-shaped, nodding, purplish, 10-15 mm long, few in open cluster. Leaves pinnately divided into 7-15 toothed leaflets, the 3 at the end much larger.
Telesonix heucheriformis – Alumroot Brookfoam
Alpine plant, up to 20 cm tall. Rocky slopes, moist but well-drained soil. Flowers pink, about 10 mm wide, in dense clusters. Calyx large, reddish. Leaves basal, kidney-shaped, 2-5 cm broad and leathery, coarsely toothed.
Castilleja rhexifolia – Alpine Indian Paintbrush
Stems 20-60 cm tall. Common in meadows in subalpine-alpine zones. Flowers pink-purple. Bracts lance-shaped or cleft with pointed lobes. Leaves narrowly lance-shaped, hairless to slightly glandular hairy.
Mimulus lewisii – Purple Monkeyflower
Stems sticky-hairy, 30-70 cm tall. Moist, open sites, montane to alpine. Flowers large, pink-purple with yellowish throats, in clusters, long-stalked. Leaves lance- to egg-shaped with strong parallel nerves, stalkless, toothed.
Pedicularis groenlandica – Elephant-head
Stems reddish-purple, 20-70 cm tall. Wet meadows, montane to alpine. Flowers pink-purple, numerous in tall spikes. Upper lip has an upturned 'trunk'. Leaves basal and alternate, fern-like, pinnately divided into fine segments.
Penstemon eriantherus – Fuzzy-tongued Penstemon
Stems stout 10-40 cm tall, sticky-glandular. Dry, clay soils, prairie to montane. Flowers pale blue-purple, 2-3 cm long, with short tubes. Many in dense whorls. Leaves narrowly elliptic, sometimes slightly toothed and short-hairy.
Penstemon fruticosus – Shrubby Penstemon
Stems up to 40 cm tall, mat-forming. Rocky to wooded areas, foothills-alpine. Flowers few, blue-purple, up to 50 mm long. Sepals glandular, pointed tips. Leaves narrowly lance-shaped, evergreen, leathery, and shiny green.
Lycium barbarum – Matrimony Vine
Hairless shrub with long, sparsely thorny branches, 1-6 m tall. Disturbed areas. Flowers 1-3 from leaf axils, blue-purple, about 2 cm wide, with 5-6 lobes. Leaves alternate, elliptic to lanceolate, entire, round-tipped, 2-7 cm long.
Verbena bracteata – Bracted Vervain
Stems creeping and ascending, 20-50 cm long. Disturbed habitats. Flowers blue or purple, about 4 mm long, with bracts. Many in long clusters. Leaves opposite, 2-5 cm long, stiff-hairy, deeply divided and toothed.
Viola canadensis – Canada Violet
Perennial, 10-40 cm tall, with leafy stems. In moist woodland and forests. Flowers white to pinkish, with yellow in the middle, 2-3 cm wide. Leaves basal and alternate, long-stalked, the blades heart-shaped, 4-8 cm long.
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