Sainfoin
Onobrychis viciifolia Scop.
Family: Fabaceae, Pea
Genus: Onobrychis
Synonyms:
Other names:
Nomenclature: viciifolia = leaves like the genus Vicia
Nativity / Invasiveness: introduced plant
No edibility data
No medicinal data
Description

General: sparsely flat-short-stiff-hairy perennial herb, 20-40 cm tall, from a branched, woody root crown.

Leaves: alternate, on lower part of stem, odd-pinnate, the 11-17 leaflets narrowly elliptic to oblanceolate, 1-2 cm long, rounded but with a small, abrupt point at tip. Stipules membranous, lanceolate, 5-12 mm long, reddish-brown.

Flowers: about 10 to 50 in tall, narrow clusters on long stalks, terminal or from upper leaf axils. Flowers 10-13 mm long, with brownish bracts at bases. Calyx bell-shaped, half as long as the corolla, the teeth linear-lanceolate, almost equal, sharp-pointed, about twice the length of the tube, the lower ones spreading. Corollas pink to lavender, prominently lined with darker reddish-purple, the wings not over half as long as the prominent keel. June-August.

Fruits: obovate in outline, 6-8 mm long, strongly short-hairy and prominently wrinkled, somewhat prickled, 1-seeded, not splitting.


Distribution

Meadows and disturbed areas in parts of MT. A native of Europe, where it is grown for stock feed, occasionally introduced in B.C. and WA among other areas.
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