Synonyms: Other names: elephant's head Nomenclature: groenlandica = of Greenland Nativity / Invasiveness: Montana native plant
General: erect perennial, 15-70 cm tall, coarsely fibrous-rooted, sometimes with an evident stem base, mostly hairless throughout. The stems reddish-purple, often clustered.
Leaves: basal leaves 5-25 cm long, the blade equaling or exceeding the stalk, 0.5-4 cm wide, the pinnate segments narrow, sharply toothed, often with somewhat firm but elastic edges. Stem leaves alternate, several, gradually reduced upward.
Flowers: many in a dense, elongate, spike-like cluster. Bracts mostly much shorter than the flowers, at least the lower more or less cleft into narrow segments. Calyx lobes 5, short, entire, almost equal, often edged with minute hairs. Corolla pink-purple or almost red, 1-1.5 cm long, the upper lip short and strongly hooded, tipped with a slender, elongate, conspicuously upturned beak, like an elephant trunk. Lower lip rather small.