Malvaceae - Mallow Family
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Mallows are a cosmopolitan family that includes cotton and okra. Apart from these two plants, it is best known for its ornamentals (Hibiscus; hollyhock).
The leaves are alternate and have stipules and, very often, star-like hairs. The flowers are radially symmetric, bisexual, and have 5 free sepals and 5 free petals. It is the arrangement of the stamens that makes the family easy to identify. First, there are lots of them but, more importantly, their filaments are united, forming a cylinder around the pistil, a cylinder with anthers coming out of various locations of its upper portion. The pistil is compound, with 5 or more cells in the ovary. The style is branched, making it relatively easy to determine how many cells are present. The fruits are button-like and composed of numerous segments.
A family of over 1500 herbs, shrubs and small trees of both tropical and temperate regions.

 
 
Guide to Identify Presented Species of the Mallow Family
PINK FLOWERS, TALLER PLANTS
Iliamna rivularis - Mountain Hollyhock
Stout, leafy plant, 50-200 cm tall. Moist sites, foothills to subalpine.
Flowers rose-purple, 3-4 cm wide, with 5 broad petals, in elongated clusters.
Leaves alternate, maple-leaf-shaped, with 3-7 triangular lobes, toothed.
PINK FLOWERS, LOW PLANTS
Malva neglecta - Common Mallow
Spreading annual, 20-60 cm tall, short-hairy. Fields, gardens, disturbed areas.
Flowers white-pink, about 2 cm wide, from leaf axils, with 5 notched petals.
Leaves alternate, long-stalked, round to heart-shaped, round-toothed.
ORANGE FLOWERS, LOW PLANTS
Sphaeralcea coccinea - Scarlet Globemallow
Spreading plant, 10-20 cm tall, grey-hairy. Dry, open sites, plains-montane.
Flowers orange, about 2 cm wide, short-stalked, in small clusters.
Leaves alternate, deeply cut into 3-5 palmate, wedge-shaped segments.
Alphabetical listing with links to presented species of the Mallow family:
     
Scientific Name English Name Swedish Name
 

 

 
Iliamna
Malva
Sphaeralcea
Mountain Hollyhock
Mallow
Globe Mallow
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Malvor
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