Dalmatian Toadflax
Linaria dalmatica (L.) P. Mill.
Family: Scrophulariaceae, Figwort
Genus: Linaria
Other names:
Nomenclature: dalmatica = Dalmatian
Nativity / Invasiveness: noxious weed in Montana
No edibility data
No medicinal data

General: stout, ascending to erect perennial, branched above, 40-120 cm tall, spreading by extensive, creeping roots. Herbage with bluish, waxy coating.

Leaves: alternate, thick, numerous, ovate or lance-ovate, sharp-pointed, stalkless and clasping, commonly 2-5 cm long and 1-2 cm wide, entire.

Flowers: many in elongate clusters on branches, short-stalked or almost stalkless, bright yellow, 25-40 mm long, including the well-developed spur, which about equals the rest of the corolla. Lower lip with well-developed, orange-bearded palate. July-October.

Fruits: capsules, broadly ovoid-cylindric, 7-8 mm high. Seeds irregularly wing-angled.


Roadsides and other disturbed sites, in w., c. and n.e. parts of MT. Native of the e. Mediterranean region, introduced as an ornamental, now spread across N. America.
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